On Monday, Acting FCC Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel circulated a draft Report and Order to establish the Emergency Broadband Benefit Program (EBBP). “As we work our way through a pandemic that has upended so much in our day-to-day life, we have been asked to migrate so many of the things we do online. From work to healthcare to education, this crisis has made it clear that without an internet connection too many households are locked out of modern life. It’s more apparent than ever that broadband is no longer nice-to- have. It’s need-to-have.” Acting Chairwoman Rosenworcel The FCC is seeking outreach partners to help build awareness and educate consumers about the Emergency Broadband Benefit among their membership and communities. Sign up at the FCC’s EBB webpage and bookmark the page to check on program updates and important information for consumers. Circulating the Draft Report and Order among the FCC’s Commissioners is an important step in our rulemaking process. Ultimately, the item will be voted on by the Acting Chairwoman and Commissioners. Then, assuming an affirmative vote, the Bureaus and Offices of the FCC would begin the process of launching and executing the program. The Acting Chairwoman has also released a preview of the March Open Meeting agenda. You can see her Notes on both the agenda and the Emergency Broadband Benefit .You can see her Notes on both the agenda and the Emergency Broadband Benefit Order here: https://www.fcc.gov/about/leadership/jessica-rosenworcel#link-0 .
|Today, the FCC put out the attached news release announcing that the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau has granted New York City special temporary authority to expand the capacity and coverage of FDNY’s communications system using the T-Band.
A link to the release can be found here: https://docs.fcc.gov/public/attachments/DOC-363661A1.pdf
Boston (December 2, 2019) – Senators Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) issued the following statement in response to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman Ajit Pai’s call on Congress to repeal the mandate to auction T-Band spectrum. Senator Markey, along with Senators Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), and Bob Casey (D-Penn.), introduced the Don’t Break Up the T-Band Act, legislation that would preserve emergency personnel’s access to T-band spectrum (470–512 MHz).
“Supporting the brave women and men in police and fire departments across the county and giving them the tools they need to succeed isn’t a partisan issue,” said Senator Markey. “I commend Chairman Pai for joining the coalition of public safety organizations and industry actors alike calling on Congress to protect the T-Band. It’s time for Congress to do right by the people who keep us safe and secure and pass my Don’t Break Up the T-Band Act before the end of the year.”
The Senators’ bill repeals a provision of the 2012 Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act, which directed the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to auction off this band of spectrum by 2021. Police and fire fighters in highly-populated metropolitan areas in Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, D.C., and elsewhere use critical T-Band spectrum for emergency public safety communication. Agencies across the country have invested millions of local, state, and federal dollars in the T-Band networks, which offer the reliable coverage and regional interoperability that first responders require for mission critical voice communications. Congressman Eliott Engel (NY-16) introduced companion legislation in the House of Representatives.
A recent study by the United States Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of relocating T-Band users to other bands of spectrum would cost between $5 and $6 billion, and for many T-Band users, alternative bands of spectrum are limited or “nonexistent.”
“By this Public Notice, the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau and the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau (Bureaus) announce that, until further notice, they will accept, but not grant, applications to renew Part 22 and Part 90 licenses for operation in the 470-512 MHz band (T-Band). Licensees that have filed, and will in the future file, timely and complete applications for renewal of license may continue to operate using their licensed facilities past the license expiration date while the suspension is in effect.”
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai today called on Congress to repeal its mandate that the agency reallocate and auction public safety T-band spectrum. In a related development, the Commission today suspended the processing of T-band renewal applications.
“In 2012, Congress passed legislation requiring the FCC to reallocate and auction T-Band spectrum used for decades by public safety licensees and fund the relocation of those licensees elsewhere. The agency has extensively analyzed the T-Band and concluded that moving forward is not viable — relocation costs for public safety licensees would likely far exceed any potential auction revenue, making it impossible to fund the relocation and comply with the mandate. The Government Accountability Office has agreed — reporting to Congress that the T-Band mandate is unworkable and could deprive first responders of their current ability to communicate by radio,” Mr. Pai said in a statement.
“Because of these concerns, I’m calling on Congress to repeal the T-Band mandate,” he added. “I’m hopeful that Congress can resolve this matter without delay. Doing so will not only protect public safety communications in the T-Band but will also allow our dedicated auction staff to focus in 2020 on auctions that will make new airwaves available for 5G, like spectrum in the 3.5 GHz and 3.7 GHz bands.”
The requirement was included in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, and public safety entities have been urging Congress since then to repeal the provision, arguing that the T-band spectrum in the 470-512 megahertz band is crucial to public safety agencies in the 11 cities where it is used.
Legislation has been reintroduced in the House and Senate to repeal the statutory mandate.
The Don’t Break Up the T-Band Act was reintroduced in October by Sens. Ed Markey (D., Mass.), Chuck Schumer (D., N.Y.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D., N.Y.), Elizabeth Warren (D., Mass.), and Bob Casey (D., Pa.) (TR Daily, Oct. 31). The bill was reintroduced in the House in January by Rep. Elliot Engel (D., N.Y.). Similar legislation failed to pass both chambers in the 115th Congress.
In a report released in June, GAO said that Congress should consider legislation that would rescind the T-band mandate (TR Daily, June 21). The report also said that the FCC is concerned about the impact to public safety of relocating systems.
GAO noted that the National Public Safety Telecommunications Council (NPSTC) has estimated that relocating public safety systems in the 11 cities where the T-band is used by public safety entities could cost more than $5.9 billion. NPSTC says that alternative spectrum is not available (TR Daily, March 15, 2013).
GAO said the FCC has calculated the costs of relocating public safety users from the T-band at $5 billion to $6 billion. The agency estimates it would cost $4 billion extra to relocate business-industrial users, GAO said, although Congress is not requiring those users to be compensated for moving to other spectrum.
Meanwhile, the Wireless Telecommunications and Public Safety and Homeland Security bureaus announced today that they are suspending the processing of applications to renew parts 22 and 90 licenses for systems that operate on the T-band.
“Licensees that have filed, and will in the future file, timely and complete applications for renewal of license may continue to operate using their licensed facilities past the license expiration date while the suspension is in effect,” the bureaus said in a public notice released in PS docket 13-42.
The public notice pointed out that in 2012, “to stabilize the spectral environment in light of the T-Band Mandate, the Bureaus suspended acceptance and processing of certain other T-Band applications [TR Daily, April 26, 2012]. That freeze was imposed to allow the Commission to consider issues surrounding future use of the T-Band and implement the Act. … Given that the February 22, 2021 statutory deadline is less than 15 months away, the Bureaus have determined that suspension of renewal processing is now necessary for the Commission to have the full range of implementation options available.”
Sen. Markey welcomed Mr. Pai’s statement today.
“Supporting the brave women and men in police and fire departments across the [country] and giving them the tools they need to succeed isn’t a partisan issue,” the lawmaker said. “I commend Chairman Pai for joining the coalition of public safety organizations and industry actors alike calling on Congress to protect the T-Band. It’s time for Congress to do right by the people who keep us safe and secure and pass my Don’t Break Up the T-Band Act before the end of the year.”
Public safety groups also praised Mr. Pai’s support.
“Chairman Pai’s call for repeal of 6103 of P.L. 112-96 is to be applauded,” NPSTC said. “His statement is consistent with the National Public Safety Telecommunications Council (NPSTC) and public safety calls for repeal of section 6103.”
“APCO has always supported repeal of the T-Band provision. It’s the right thing for Congress to do,” said Derek Poarch, executive director and chief executive officer of the Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials-International.
“Our members appreciate Chairman Pai’s support for the repeal of the T-Band auction requirement,” said International Association of Fire Chiefs President and Board Chairman Gary Ludwig. “The fire and emergency service relies on the T-Band for interoperable communications in many of our nation’s metropolitan areas. In cities like New York and Chicago, public safety does not have an alternative to the T-Band. Today, fire departments large and small have access to the spectrum they need to communicate with each other. If a T-Band auction moves forward, this will no longer be the case. On behalf of the IAFC, I urge Congress to pass legislation repealing the T-Band auction requirement this year.”
“We see this as a move in the right direction. We hope that … Congress is open to our pleas,” said Craig Allen, chair of the International Association of Chiefs of Police’s Communications & Technology Committee and a retired lieutenant colonel for the Illinois State Police. “It is unworkable to vacate the T-band space for public safety.”
Andy Seybold, a wireless industry consultant and public safety advocate, said he was surprised to see Mr. Pai weigh in. “Previously it appears as if the FCC said that they could do nothing unless Congress passed a bill to repeal the give back,” he noted.- Paul Kirby, email@example.com
T-Band, FirstNet Updates, Laptops and Tablets
First and vitally important to eleven major cities and their metro areas, both the U.S. House and U.S. Senate have introduced bills cancelling the T-band (470-512) giveback. House bill H.R. 451 is one of the simplest bills ever introduced in the House and it is almost exactly the same as the bill that languished in the House last year. This bill that was sponsored by Representative Eliot, a democrat from New York, now has nineteen sponsors. Three are Republicans and sixteen are Democrats who are primarily from areas that will suffer badly unless the requirement to return the T-band to the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) for auction is overturned. The original bill is presently under the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology.
The Senate bill, S. 2748, contains the exact wording as the House bill. It was introduced in the Senate by Senator Markey, a democrat from Massachusetts. The bill currently has a total of four co-sponsors including Senators from NY, MA, and PA, all Democrats. After it was introduced in early October and submitted to the Committee on Science and Technology where it currently resides.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO), which provides cost estimates for most bills, has not yet weighed in on this bill, however, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) published a report that is in line with the reports from National Public Safety Telecommunications Council (NPSTC) concerning the cost of relocating first responders in the eleven metro areas that currently have access to portions of the T-band. That is if there was any spectrum available for relocating these agencies. Based on FCC data, there is none. There is a bill in both houses of Congress, as there was last Congressional session, and NPSTC and the GAO have both stated that moving first responders off the T-band would be a very costly and, in reality, impossible task.
The International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC), International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), and first-responder agencies in areas where the T-band is in use have been working with Congressional staffers and their bosses to make sure they understand the seriousness of the consequences if these bills do not pass in both houses and are not signed into law.
Read the Entire Column Here
Below are the news story selected with the assistance of Discoverypattern.com and their AI technology
Oologah Lake Leader Nov 14 06:35
On Tuesday, November 5, 2019, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced the investment of over $4.2 million in highspeed broadband …
Light Reading Nov 14 06:30
5G could eventually connect everyone and everything. But a growing number of researchers are highlighting potential security holes in the standard.
effect.org Nov 13 14:50
written permission of Cerner Corp Updated 09/25/2014 by CT For more training options, visit wwwnavicenthealthorg Hover over For Health Care.
Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal Nov 13 14:30
AMORY The Monroe County Electric Power Association (MCEPA) board of directors held a special meeting on Nov. 12 to review the results from the …
Politico Nov 13 14:10
A grid attack simulation kicks off today, with physical and cyber assaults alike. …
RCR Wireless News Nov 13 13:10
In a filing with the FCC, the coalition of nearly three dozen companies said that Wi-Fi has become the single most important wireless technology for …
USDA.gov Nov 13 11:20
Secretary Perdue has made the investment in rural broadband a priority for …
Pipeline Magazine Nov 13 11:20
Nokia has been selected by Cal OES Public Safety Communications office to upgrade CAPSNET, which is operated by Cal OES Public Safety …
Newspapers Today, USA News, Headlines, Breaking News, Sports Nov 7 07:15
The University of Miami in Coral Gables will be the first college campus in the nation to receive AT&T’s 5G+ and Multi-access Edge Computing…
Light Reading Nov 14 06:30
FTTH network will provide high-speed broadband to about 2,700 homes and businesses.
MyBroadband Nov 14 06:15
Even with the 5G era already upon us, investment in 4G/LTE networks is still vitally important for operators in sub-Saharan Africa and must remain a …
Digitimes Nov 14 05:50
… accounts for 60% of 5G telecom equipment market in Korea thanks to support from fellow top-three telecom operators – SK Telecom, KT and LG U+.
HSToday Nov 14 02:30
The alliance will promote standards-based Next Generation emergency-communications frameworks such as the ones enabled by the i3 standard for …
The Express Tribune Nov 14 02:25
Samsung will be launching its next-generation flagship device, Galaxy S11 around February 2020 and the word around is that the smartphone is …
Prairie Post Nov 14 01:30
SouthGrow Regional Initiative recently released its study, Cost Benefit Analysis of Rural Broadband in Alberta. It was noted, the study by the …
New Kerala Nov 13 14:20
In these areas, customers with 5G devices are experiencing dramatically faster speeds, with initial 5G performance results showing a nearly 6X …
Qrius Nov 13 13:55
In the early aughts, Nokia produced the most coveted mobile phones in the world, before it was disrupted by big tech giants ushering in the age of …
MIT Technology Review Nov 13 13:17
5G has security flaws that could let hackers track your location …
The Verge Nov 13 13:10
Images of Motorola’s unannounced foldable Razr phone have surfaced once again, this time via the device’s Federal Communications Commission …
Motley Fool Nov 13 12:15
… will continue to thrive thanks to increasing infrastructure demands driven by the rise of 5G communications networks and the Internet of Things (IoT).
Eastlake Times Nov 13 11:45
Land Mobile Radio LMR Market Will Reflect Significant Growth Prospects during 2019-2025 | Harris, Motorola Solutions, Sepura, JVC Kenwood.
pymnts.com Nov 13 11:40
It explores ways to integrate AI into IoT-enabled devices and analyzes how AI and IoT might converge over the next few years especially with 5G …
MacDailyNews Nov 7 08:45
Qualcomm said on Wednesday it expected some 200 million 5G smartphones to be sold in 2020, including flagship devices launching next fall, which investors took as a hint that Apple would offer 5G in the company’s next-gen iPhones…
E&T Magazine Nov 7 07:45
Eighteen projects designed to thwart nefarious drone attacks including a plan to use swarms with peregrine falcon attack strategies have been given …
TODAYonline Nov 7 07:30
China kicks off work on 6G research after 5G launch, state media say …
Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 2019-08-01 by R&O. (FCC No. 19-78). WCB. FCC-19-78A1.pdf
Nearly 60 million people—roughly 1 out of every 5 Americans—live in a rural area. Telehealth services are one important solution to the challenge of health care access in rural areas by connecting rural patients with general physicians and medical specialists located outside the patients’ communities. The Commission promotes telehealth in rural areas through the Rural Health Care Program (RHC Program or Program), which provides financial support to help rural health care providers obtain broadband and other communications services at discounted rates. These services are in turn used by health care providers to offer telehealth to patients living in and around the communities they serve.
As the demand for robust broadband has increased throughout the country, the RHC Program has witnessed a dramatic increase in health care provider participation. Even with the Commission increasing the RHC funding cap last year by more than $170 million over the prior $400 million funding cap to account for inflation, demand continues to stress the RHC Program. This creates a challenge for program administration, leading to uncertainty among participants as to the status of their funding requests and complicating the planning of upgrades and existing service relationships. This increased demand and resulting administrative challenges required us to take a closer look at whether the current rules and procedures are cost-effective and efficient and adequately protect the Universal Service Fund against waste, fraud, and abuse. Accordingly, in this Report and Order, after reviewing the record, Federal Communications Commission FCC 19-78 3 we adopt a number of the proposals made in the 2017 Promoting Telehealth Notice and Order3 to reform the RHC Program rules to promote transparency and predictability, and further the efficient allocation of limited RHC Program resources.
Month-End Miscellany. The first order of business this week is to give a shout out on behalf of all those who have given their lives for our freedom, military and first responders alike. I wish it was not necessary, but they did make the ultimate sacrifice for us, so this week especially, it is time to stop what we are doing, even if only for a few moments, and give thanks for each and every one of them.
Next, I want to give a shout out to all the first responders and scores of volunteers assisting them in what seems to be a never-ending series of tornadoes and floods across much of this nation. I have watched reports of numerous water rescues and UAV (drone) views of utter devastation from tornadoes. In the years I spent in the Cincinnati area working for General Electric Mobile Radio, I remember all too well the day the area was hit with more than seventeen tornadoes. My car, a new car GE leased for me, was parked in front of a GE two-way radio dealer. When we came out, it looked like it had been hit by rocks, not hail.
I reported to my fire department and my amateur radio net and proceeded to work for the next few days trying to find survivors. It was an experience I will never forget. Those in the Midwest are dealing with far too many similar situations. I only hope there is a break for them in the near future. Read the Entire Column Here.
Here are the articles I have selected with the help of Discovery Patterns artificial intelligence
Technology May 30 08:18
TheÂ Federal CommunicationsÂ CommissionÂ (FCC) on WednesdayÂ released a report showingÂ the number of Americans with access to high-speed broadband has increased in recent years, figures that were dismissed by the commission’s…
CNET: Apple May 29 17:01
Republicans say the digital divide is narrowing. Democrats say that’s news to the 21 million Americans who still don’t have it.
CNET May 29 16:45
AT&T, Verizon and Sprint have all either launched or are about to launch their respective 5G networks. One carrier that has been quiet, however, …
RadioResource Media Group May 29 16:00
When the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet) deploys the nationwide public-safety broadband network (NPSBN), the need for a feasible …
TechCrunch May 29 15:03
The FCC has officially issued this year’s Broadband Deployment Report, summarizing the extent to which the agency and industry have closed the digital divide in this country. But one Commissioner is not fooled: “The rosy picture the report paints about the status of broadband deployment is fundamentally at odds with reality,” said Geoffrey Starks in a lengthy dissenting statement.
Light Reading May 29 14:45
The FCC has completed its second-ever high-band 5G auction, in the 24GHz band, pulling in over $2 billion in bids. The auction raised 2,024,268,941 …
Light Reading May 23 06:30
Sprint’s mobile 5G launch could happen in the next few days. But the real question is what the industry will do with 5G once it launches.
Investor Relations – Analog Devices May 30 10:00
NORWOOD, Mass. –(BUSINESS WIRE)–May 30, 2019– Analog Devices, Inc. (ADI), the industry leader in RF and Microwave technology and system …
Android Central May 30 09:45
The networks are small and inconsistent, and you have to choose a phone specifically to get 5G. They’re expensive, and aren’t the best phones …
PCMag.com May 30 09:45
Verizon’s 5G network launched in downtown Chicago and Minneapolis in early April, and it’s stayed in Chicago …
Boy Genius Report May 30 09:45
The cat was let out of the bag a little early regarding Motorola’s new Moto Z4, the $499 handset the company officially unveiled this morning — and which Amazon mistakenly sold to a user two days before we were supposed to, er, know it existed. Nevertheless, it’s here now — or, rather, it will be soon, as it hits Verizon in the US two weeks from today. In keeping with past Z flagships, Verizon has got the exclusive stateside, and as with the announcement of the Moto Z3 as the world’s first “5G
IT PRO May 30 08:15
Microsoft hints at a “modern OS” for the 5G age …
Trak.in May 30 07:35
This most powerful 5G SoC announcement was made at the Computex Event held …
ZDNet May 29 16:45
In-flight WiFi provider Gogo said it will launch a 5G network for business and commercial aviation in 2021. The air-to-ground network will be built on …
Pocket-lint.com May 29 16:10
There will be a range of handsets on offer, with a range of deals and offers to get you into the next-gen mobile phone service. Here’s everything you …
iTWire May 29 15:45
Japanese telecommunications company SoftBank has selected Nokia’s AirScale solution for its commercial 5G offering in both centralised and …
Hurricanes and Other Disasters. Hurricane season runs June 1 through November 30, 2019, and a number of agencies and organizations are formulating their predictions about the potential severity of the upcoming season. For example, the Colorado State University Tropical Meteorology Project Team has predicted a slightly below average Atlantic hurricane season, forecasting thirteen named storms and five hurricanes. The National Weather Service defines a hurricane as “a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 74 MPH or higher” and major hurricanes as class 3 or higher storms.
It is interesting to read the various projections. Several, like the one above, call for a lighter storm season but some are predicting we could have more and more damaging storms this year. We won’t know until it is over, but we do know we need to be prepared for these storms if we live in the Eastern region of the United States. We also need to continue to be prepared for the types of storms that have been racking the Midwest and the fire season on the West Coast that now runs all year long.
With the likelihood of so many disasters, public safety resources can become strained. Communications, of course, is key to being able to position resources where they are most needed and to coordinate activities which, during disasters, are highly focused on saving lives, then property, and protecting first responders’ personal safety. For many years, only Land Mobile Radio (LMR) systems have been capable of providing communications needed in the field. However, there are shortcomings inherent with LMR systems. While they work well, some are not fully hardened to remain operational during most disasters. The most significant problem is that local, state, or federal agencies called in to assist bring their own LMR communications capabilities and these are not usually compatible with LMR services of others at the incident.
Read the Entire Column Here
Here are the articles I have selected with the help of Discovery Patterns artificial intelligence
Multichannel News May 16 10:20
FCC’s Pai Focuses on Broadband, Phone, Spectrum in Hill Testimony …
TAtech May 16 10:00
Millimeter wave spectrum is expected to be critical in deploying the highest speed and lowest latency 5G wireless services, but its prior use in …
TheStreet.com May 16 06:40
President Donald Trump’s decision to ban China’s Huawei Technologies from dealing with U.S. companies drew sharp criticism from political leaders …
SmartCitiesWorld May 15 14:55
FirstNet built with AT&T and the First Responder Network Authority is a nationwide communications platform dedicated to public safety.
Federal News Network May 15 13:00
The Federal Communications Commission is trying to lay the groundwork for 5G, but the logistics for an infrastructure push on that scale can be …
Fudzilla May 16 10:00
According to The Information Apple’s attempt to replace Qualcomm on 5G modems proved to be a nightmare for the company starting in 2017.
Slashdot: Mobile May 16 06:20
Japan’s communications ministry plans to create for assignment some 10 billion 14-digit phone numbers starting with the code “020.” From a report: …
Kraft Technology Group May 16 05:15
Cybersecurity is complicated and small businesses have a hard time keeping up with it. They can’t …
The Critical Communications Review May 16 05:00
… that are in the process of or are planning to start their journey from narrowband, voice-centric critical communications to the broadband era.
Lasentinel May 16 04:25
T-Mobile-Sprint Merger Will Bring Underserved Californians Into The 5G Future …
Enterprise IoT Insights May 15 15:00
Under the terms of the agreement, SK Telecom and Microsoft will combine their technological capabilities in areas such as 5G, AI and cloud to jointly …
RCR Wireless News May 15 15:00
The decision finalizes the EU-wide coordination of all three pioneer bands (700 MHz, 3.6 GHz and 26 GHz) needed for 5G rollout in the member states …
SDxCentral May 15 15:00
The telecom industry is more exciting than it’s been for years, and 5G is a …
Motley Fool May 15 14:50
The company’s legal saga against Qualcomm (NASDAQ:QCOM) came to an …
HEXUS May 15 14:45
This new device offers smooth transitions across networks to ensure an unparalleled mobile experience while streaming video, playing games, …
pymnts.com May 15 14:15
Exactly how 5G will work with connected vehicles is still largely the stuff of informed …
SYS-CON Media May 15 13:10
Working together, I see our evolution to 5G as a collaboration that will help make …
Sky News May 15 13:10
A senior figure at Huawei in the UK has told Sky News it is willing to go the “extra mile” to reassure countries its technology poses no security threat.
Read complete report here: https://www.fcc.gov/document/fcc-releases-report-communication-impacts-hurricane-michael
Executive Summary: Hurricane Michael, one of the most powerful storms to make landfall in the United States, inflicted billions of dollars in damage and resulted in the loss of dozens of lives on the American mainland. It is estimated the hurricane caused over $25 billion in damages and resulted in 57 known deaths. The storm had significant effects on communications, and also adversely affected other critical sectors including transportation, power, food and agriculture.
The storm cut a path from the Gulf Coast, up through the Panhandle, continuing into Georgia and the Carolinas, before veering off into the Atlantic just south of the Chesapeake Bay. Communications in many areas in Georgia, Alabama, and most of Florida were mildly affected by the hurricane. In these areas, communications providers rebounded within 48 hours after Hurricane Michael made landfall on October 10, 2018. In other areas, particularly the Florida Panhandle, the effects were more pronounced. Specifically, wireless subscribers in Bay and Gulf Counties had limited service for over a week.
The Bureau undertook an inquiry into what went right, and what went wrong, on various communications platforms in the areas affected by the storm. While the Bureau invited comments from all sectors of the communications industry (e.g., broadcasting, cable, wireline, satellite), it was most particularly interested in the experience of mobile wireless communications. Initial reports, both in the news media and in conversations between Commission staff and representatives of the mobile wireless industry, indicated that there were, in some instances, significant lapses in consumer connectivity. The Bureau sought to understand why and how those lapses occurred, and what could be done in the future to minimize such lapses. This Report presents the Bureau’s findings and recommendations. Because the initial belief that the mobile wireless communications industry was particularly affected was borne out by outage data, the Report places special emphasis on wireless service performance before, during, and after Hurricane Michael, with an emphasis on hardest-hit Bay and Gulf Counties in Florida.
Hurricane Michael demonstrated starkly how some wireless providers in the Florida Panhandle were able to rebound from this devastating storm through foresight and appropriate planning, while others stalled in their efforts to restore full service. Some providers, working in the same area and facing the same challenges as others, were back in service considerably sooner than others.
The poor level of service several days after landfall by some wireless providers cannot simply be attributed to unforeseeable circumstances specific to those providers. A lack of coordination and cooperation between certain wireless service providers on the one hand, and utilities and debris clearance crews on the other, unnecessarily prolonged critical backhaul repairs and full restoration of functioning wireless service. The Bureau learned of numerous cases in which a wireless provider had restored service to customers only to have that service brought down as third-party crews damaged communications assets while clearing trash or restoring power lines and utility poles. Such lack of coordination among wireless providers, utilities, and debris clearance crews unnecessarily prolonged the time customers lacked service.
The Bureau finds that three key factors – insufficiently resilient backhaul connectivity, inadequate reciprocal roaming arrangements, and lack of coordination between wireless service providers, power crews, and municipalities – were the predominant causes of the unacceptable lack of service. The Bureau further concludes that a lack of coordination and cooperation among wireless providers themselves (exacerbated by inadequate roaming arrangements) inhibited their ability to increase service availability via roaming. Some providers appear not to have comported with the Wireless Resiliency Cooperative Framework (Framework), the voluntary commitment that several nationwide service providers proposed and committed to abide by in 2016. Specifically, it appears that some wireless providers demurred from seeking assistance from potential roaming partners and, therefore, remained inoperable.
We note that certain findings in this Report are based on information submitted in the Commission’s Disaster Information Reporting System (DIRS), a voluntary web-based system allowing providers to report communications infrastructure status and situational awareness information during times of crises, or information discovered as a result of communications with providers about those filings. Because information submitted in DIRS is sensitive, for national security and/or commercial reasons, DIRS filings are treated as presumptively confidential. Accordingly, the Report protects identifying information from disclosure where necessary to preserve DIRS confidentiality.
 National Centers for Environmental Information, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Assessing the U.S. Climate in 2018 (2019), https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/national-climate-201812.
 Olivia Michael, Hurricane Michael death toll continues to rise (Jan. 11, 2019), https://www.wjhg.com/content/news/Hurricane-Michael-death-toll-continues-to-rise-504241911.html.
 Patricia Sullivan, Emily Wax-Thibodeaux, & Annie Gowen, “It’s All Gone”: Tiny Florida town nearly swept away by Hurricane Michael, Washington Post, Oct. 12, 2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/its-all-gone-tiny-florida-beach-town-nearly-swept-away-by-hurricane-michael/2018/10/12/f1a110c0-ce56-11e8-a3e6-44daa3d35ede_story.html. Bay and Gulf Counties are located directly on the Gulf Coast where the storm first made landfall. Bay County is home to Panama City as well as Mexico Beach, which sustained extreme damage from the hurricane.
 See Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau Seeks Comment on Hurricane Michael Preparation and Response, Public Notice, PS Docket No. 18-339, 33 FCC Rcd 11239 (2018) (Public Notice).
 The storm was the most intense storm to make landfall on Florida, the third most intense hurricane to make landfall in the contiguous United States, and the fourth most intense storm to make landfall based on windspeed. National Centers for Environmental Information, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Assessing the U.S. Climate in 2018 (2019), https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/national-climate-201812.
 See The FCC’s Public Safety & Homeland Security Bureau Launches Disaster Information Reporting System (DIRS), Public Notice, 22 FCC Rcd 16757 (PSHSB 2007) (DIRS Public Notice).
 DIRS Public Notice, 22 FCC Rcd at 16758.