6 GHz Band, 5G Fund, Orbital Debris Items Teed up for April 23

Credit TR Daily

6 GHz Band, 5G Fund, Orbital Debris Items Teed Up for April 23

FCC Chairman Ajit Pai announced today that the FCC will consider six items at its April 23 meeting, including a draft item making 1,200 megahertz of spectrum available for unlicensed use in the 6 gigahertz band, a draft notice of proposed rulemaking proposing the establishment of a 5G Fund for Rural America, and a draft order updating the agency’s orbital debris rules.

Mr. Pai announced that Commissioners also will consider an order approving Viasat, Inc.’s request to deploy a non-geostationary satellite orbit fixed-satellite service (NGSO FSS) constellation, an NPRM proposing changes to the agency’s video description rules, and an order updating the Commission’s low-power FM technical regulations.

The FCC plans to release the text of the draft items and the tentative agenda for the meeting tomorrow.

A press release on the draft 6 GHz item stressed that it would enable unlicensed devices to share the 6 GHz band “with incumbent licensed services under rules that are crafted to protect those licensed services and to enable both unlicensed and licensed operations to thrive throughout the band.”

“From Wi-Fi routers to home appliances, Americans’ everyday use of devices that connect to the Internet over unlicensed spectrum has exploded,” Chairman Pai said in the press release.  “That trend will only continue.  Cisco projects that nearly 60% of global mobile data traffic will be off-loaded to Wi-Fi by 2022.  To accommodate that increase in Wi-Fi demand, the FCC is aiming to increase the supply of Wi-Fi spectrum with our boldest initiative yet: making the entire 6 GHz band available for unlicensed use.  By doing this, we would effectively increase the amount of spectrum available for Wi-Fi almost by a factor of five.  This would be a huge benefit to consumers and innovators across the nation.  It would be another step toward increasing the capacity of our country’s networks.  And it would help advance even further our leadership in next generation wireless technologies, including 5G.”

In a blog posting today, Mr. Pai said that he is proposing to free spectrum “for unlicensed use in four segments of the 6 GHz band (5.925–7.125 GHz). This band is currently populated by, among others, microwave services that are used to support utilities, public safety, and wireless backhaul.” He added that “the rules we will vote on would play a major role in the growth of the Internet of Things, connecting appliances, machines, meters, wearables, and other consumer electronics, as well as industrial sensors for manufacturing. In addition to the Report and Order, we’ll consider a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to explore possibilities for very low power devices in this band.”

Under the draft order, the FCC “would authorize two different types of unlicensed operations: standard-power in 850-megahertz of the band and indoor low-power operations over the full 1,200-megahertz available in the 6 GHz band,” Mr. Pai noted in the press release. “An automated frequency coordination system would prevent standard power access points from operating where they could cause interference to incumbent services.”

The FNPRM “proposes to permit very low-power devices to operate across the 6 GHz band, to support high data rate applications including high-performance, wearable, augmented-reality and virtual-reality devices,” Mr. Pai added. “Specifically, the Further Notice would seek comment on making a contiguous 1,200-megahertz block of spectrum available for the development of new and innovative high-speed, short-range devices and on power levels and other technical and operational measures to avoid causing interference to incumbent services.”

The item would reject a plea by parties that include CTIA and wireless carriers to defer a decision on the upper portion of the 6 GHz band and explore licensing the spectrum and moving those incumbents to the 7 GHz band.

The item would follow up on an NPRM unanimously adopted in 2018 proposing to free up as much as 1,200 MHz of spectrum for unlicensed use (TR Daily, Oct. 23, 2018).

Today’s announcement drew praise from advocates of unlicensed technology and caution from 6 GHz band incumbents, including fixed wireless interests that have argued that the framework envisioned by the new entrants would fail to protect their operations (see separate story). In particular, the two sides have battled over whether an AFC system was needed for each type of unlicensed device and what the technical limits should be.

Chairman Pai also plans to ask his colleagues to vote on a proposal for using multi-round reverse auctions to distribute up to $9 billion in two phases under the 5G Fund he announced late last year as a proposed replacement for the $4.5 billion Mobility Fund Phase II (MF-II), which would have been used to support 4G LTE deployment to unserved rural areas.

An FCC staff report released in December found that the 4G LTE coverage maps submitted by Verizon Communications, Inc., United States Cellular Corp., and T-Mobile US, Inc., as part of the effort to determine which areas should be eligible for support in the agency’s MF-II auction, overstated their coverage and thus were not accurate. The staff recommended that the Commission terminate the MF-II challenge process. On the same day the report was released, Chairman Pai proposed the 5G Fund to replace the MF-II fund (TR Daily, Dec. 4, 2019).

When he announced his plan, he said he would also propose that $1 billion be set aside to support 5G deployments that benefit precision agriculture.

In his blog post today, Chairman Pai said, “In the not-too-distant future, access to mobile broadband will mean access to 5G. 5G has the potential to bring many benefits to American consumers and businesses, including wireless networks that are more responsive, more secure, and up to 100 times faster than today’s 4G LTE networks. But we need to make sure that 5G narrows rather than widens the digital divide, and that rural Americans too benefit from the wireless innovation on our doorstep.”

He added, “Phase I of the 5G Fund would target at least $8 billion of support over ten years to rural areas of our country that would be unlikely to be covered by the commitments made by New T-Mobile as part of its acquisition of Sprint (including coverage of 90% of rural Americans with 5G service at 50 [megabits per second] or greater over the next six years) and that we anticipate would not see timely deployment of 5G service absent universal service support. To balance our policy goal of efficiently and quickly redirecting high-cost support to areas where it is most needed with our obligation to ensure that we have an accurate understanding of the extent of nationwide mobile wireless broadband deployment, we seek public input on two options for identifying areas that would be eligible for 5G Fund support.”

In a press release, the FCC said that those two options, which are for Phase I of 5G Fund support, are (1) an auction to be held in 2021 “by defining eligible areas based on current data sources that identify areas as particularly rural and thus in the greatest need of universal service support” and prioritizing “areas that have historically lacked 4G LTE or 3G service” and (2) a delay of the 5G Fund Phase I auction “until at least 2023, after collecting and processing improved mobile broadband coverage data through the Commission’s new Digital Opportunity Data Collection.”

Some observers, including members of Congress from both parties, have been critical or at least questioning of the idea of moving ahead with funding for unserved areas when the FCC’s data about which areas are unserved is not accurate.

Regarding the FCC’s orbital debris proceeding, Mr. Pai said that Commissioners would “vote on a Report and Order to comprehensively update the Commission’s existing rules regarding orbital debris mitigation, which were adopted in 2004. These new rules are designed to address the problem of orbital debris, while at the same time not creating undue regulatory obstacles to new satellite ventures. We would also seek comment on adopting a performance bond tied to successful spacecraft disposal.”

In 2018, the Commission adopted an NPRM in the proceeding (TR Daily, Nov. 15, 2018).

In comments filed on behalf of the Commerce Department, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration asked the FCC to defer action “until completion of the agency actions mandated by the President’s Space Policy Directives” (TR Daily, April 8, 2019).

Commissioners also are slated to vote later this month “on an Order to approve ViaSat’s request for market access for a constellation of 20 satellites that will provide fixed-satellite service,” Mr. Pai said in his blog.

The Chairman also said he plans to seek a vote at the meeting on an NPRM to seek comment on a proposal to add 40 additional markets over four years to the 60 top television markets where certain commercial TV broadcasters are required to provide video-described programming to improve accessibility for blind or visually impaired consumers.  In a report to Congress last year mandated by the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 (CVAA), the FCC’s Media Bureau noted that consumers would like the video-description requirement to be expanded beyond the top-60 designated market areas (DMAs) (TR Daily, Oct. 9, 2019).

Rounding out the agenda for the April 23 meeting, the FCC plans to consider a report and order updating its LPFM technical rules.- Paul Kirby, paul.kirby@wolterskluwer.com; Lynn Stanton, lynn.stanton@wolterskluwer.com


FCC’s Draft 6 GHz Band Item Draws Mixed Reviews

FCC Chairman Ajit Pai’s announcement today that the agency would consider a 6 gigahertz band order and further notice of proposed rulemaking at its April 23 meeting drew mixed reviews, with advocates of unlicensed technology praising the agency and incumbents urging caution.

Mr. Pai said that a draft order would make 1,200 megahertz of spectrum available for unlicensed use in the 6 GHz band (see separate story).

Under the draft order, the FCC “would authorize two different types of unlicensed operations: standard-power in 850-megahertz of the band and indoor low-power operations over the full 1,200-megahertz available in the 6 GHz band,” Mr. Pai noted in a press release. “An automated frequency coordination system would prevent standard power access points from operating where they could cause interference to incumbent services.”

The FNPRM “proposes to permit very low-power devices to operate across the 6 GHz band, to support high data rate applications including high-performance, wearable, augmented-reality and virtual-reality devices,” Mr. Pai added. “Specifically, the Further Notice would seek comment on making a contiguous 1,200-megahertz block of spectrum available for the development of new and innovative high-speed, short-range devices and on power levels and other technical and operational measures to avoid causing interference to incumbent services.”

Some 6 GHz band incumbents, including commercial, utility, and public safety operators, have argued that the FCC should require AFC to be used for all types of unlicensed devices – or at least for more types than the draft document proposes – and parties have clashed on the precise technical limits. Unlicensed advocates have argued that the use of an AFC system was not necessary for low-power and very low-power devices because they wouldn’t cause harmful interference to incumbent operations.

For his part, FCC Commissioner Mike O’Rielly welcomed the draft item.

“Today’s item effectively concludes some of the substantive debates and will end some extraneous noise surrounding our approach,” he said. “While I look forward to reading the specifics, it appears very consistent with my emphatic support for protecting incumbent users while permitting varied unlicensed services within the band. Specifically, higher-powered unlicensed services will be allowed in the band using a slimmed-down automated frequency coordination (AFC) regime, while low power indoor (LPI) use, which probably could use a closer review and improvements to its technical rules over the next couple weeks, will be allowed throughout the band without an AFC. Although it initially settles on certain lower power limits for LPI use, the further notice will explore increasing these limits, as well as setting workable power limits and more specifics to effectuate very lower powered (VLP) unlicensed devices.”

“Today’s action to permit all 1200 megahertz of the band to be used for unlicensed services means that proposals to license portions of the band were not accepted,” Mr. O’Rielly added. “I fully support this outcome, but I also remain fully committed to identifying other mid-bands for licensed services. Simply put, U.S. wireless providers must have more mid-band spectrum to meet consumer demand, and I will fight to refill the spectrum pipeline for future licensed wireless services. This effort is absolutely vital to preserving U.S. leadership in wireless technology and to alleviate the demands being placed on existing networks. I firmly believe that the most likely candidate bands for this purpose are Federal spectrum allocations, such as the 3.1 to 3.55 GHz band, that can be converted to commercial use. I look forward to discussing this draft with interested parties in the coming weeks, and I will go out on a limb to predict a unanimous vote from my colleagues.”

“We welcome the Commission’s effort to utilize the 6 GHz band to advance the next-generation of superfast Wi-Fi connectivity while protecting existing users,” NCTA said. “As we work from home, learn at a distance, use telemedicine services, stay informed, and play online, this spectrum band will be critical to delivering high-speed connections that nearly every consumer relies on. We look forward to working with the Chairman, Commissioners, and staff to advance this item which will enable our Wi-Fi networks to keep up with the significantly growing demand of our digital lives.”

The Wi-Fi Alliance said it “commends FCC Chairman Pai on the momentous decision to sustain America’s technological leadership, maximize public benefit of the 6 GHz spectrum resource, and unleash the power of ubiquitous Wi-Fi connectivity by moving ahead with the 6 GHz order.  Ensuring necessary unlicensed spectrum access is critical for Wi-Fi, which now more than ever, keeps us connected, supports our communications infrastructure, and delivers major economic benefits. Wi-Fi Alliance and its members are ready to deliver new 6 GHz use-cases and urge the Commission to support the Chairman’s proposal.”

WifiForward said, “We applaud Chairman Pai for a game-changing plan to unleash much-needed unlicensed spectrum that will support generational innovation while protecting existing users of the spectrum. From multi-gigabit Wi-Fi capabilities on our home networks to low-cost telemedicine and remote patient monitoring, from VR-based training for mining and other dangerous jobs to remote surgery, this spectrum supports the future of Wi-Fi and other innovations we cannot yet comprehend. WifiForward members have witnessed unprecedented growth in Wi-Fi usage over the last month; never has the need been more evident or pressing. We look forward to continuing to work with Chairman Pai and his colleagues on this issue and thank him for his unwavering leadership to address the unlicensed spectrum crunch and allow a diverse technological ecosystem to continue to flourish.”

“Today’s announcement by Chairman Pai is a win for America’s tech innovators and consumers. Unlicensed spectrum empowers the emerging technologies of today – AR/VR, drones, smart cities, artificial intelligence, telehealth – and those ideas yet to be imagined,” said Consumer Technology Association President and Chief Executive Officer Gary Shapiro. “The FCC’s announcement comes at an especially critical time, when many Americans are relying on Wi-Fi connections to work remotely and communicate with friends and family. Allowing more bandwidth for unlicensed uses such as Wi-Fi will help expand connectivity when we need it most. I thank FCC Chairman Ajit Pai for his dedicated work on this important issue.”

“Intel commends the FCC for opening the 6 GHz spectrum band for unlicensed operation, which will significantly improve Wi-Fi for all Americans. We deeply appreciate the efforts of FCC staff who have worked tirelessly assessing the complexities associated with the 6 GHz band, and eagerly await the FCC addressing this important topic at its April 23rd meeting,” said Gregory Bryant, executive vice president and general manager of the Intel Corp.’s Client Computing Group.

Keerti Melkote, president of the Intelligent Edge for Hewlett Packard Enterprise, said, “The runaway success of Wi-Fi in the last couple decades represents the power of unlicensed spectrum, open standards and unfettered innovation. The FCC’s bold action to allocate the largest block of mid-band spectrum for unlicensed use builds on its success in creating the Wi-Fi industry and promises to usher in the next era of unconstrained American innovation for the global markets.”

“Broadcom believes that this is … the most substantive decision any Commission has made, or any Chairman has made, for unlicensed over the last, you know, almost 20 years. It’s a big deal,” said Jeff Szymanski, director-product marketing and government affairs for the Mobile Wireless Connectivity Division at Broadcom Inc. He added that products using the spectrum could be available this holiday season.

He told TR Daily that while he would prefer that the FCC address all three types of unlicensed devices in the order to be considered this month, he is pleased “as long as there’s a process in place for us to complete that last portion of this, the very low power portables, with the right rules.”

“Qualcomm fully supports the FCC’s plan to allocate the 6 GHz band for advanced unlicensed operations at its April 23rd meeting,” said Steve Mollenkopf, CEO of Qualcomm, Inc. “We applaud FCC Chairman Pai and his fellow FCC Commissioners for this initiative, which will provide American consumers with better, faster broadband for so many uses, including telemedicine, remote learning and working, fully immersive augmented and virtual reality, & the Internet of Things.  In February, we demonstrated a full suite of Wi Fi 6E products ready to start using this large new swath of spectrum.  We are also optimizing other exciting new technologies for this large swath of spectrum, including the next version of 5G and next generation Wi-Fi.  Today’s announcement is another important step taken by the FCC to ensuring American leadership in the key 21st Century enabling technologies.”

Connect Americans Now Executive Director Richard Cullen said, “Connect Americans Now commends Chairman Pai and the FCC for their continued dedication to maximizing spectrum resources for broadband use, including Wi-Fi. Expanding the availability of unlicensed spectrum in the 6 GHz band for high-bandwidth connectivity will make available the full potential of broadband and Wi-Fi as critical tools for all Americans.”

“Great to see @FCC & @AjitPaiFCC act to open up #6GHz band for unlicensed broadband use – a needed change that can help more Americans telework and learn remotely,” Microsoft Corp. President Brad Smith tweeted.

“There has not been a significant release of unlicensed spectrum for two decades, and this new spectrum will provide the rocket fuel to truly enrich and realize the dreams of rural 5G, as well as other wireless innovation yet to be invented,” said Claude Aiken, president and CEO of the Wireless Internet Service Providers Association.

“We applaud FCC Chairman Ajit Pai and the Commissioners for today’s action to allow unlicensed use in the 6GHz band of spectrum. The FCC’s forward-thinking approach to enable more good use of spectrum will benefit the app economy, our members and the customers they serve, and communities everywhere,” said Morgan Reed, president of ACT, which represents app developers.

Michael Calabrese, director of the Wireless Future Project at the New America Foundation’s Open Technology Institute, said, “Consumer advocates commend the FCC for its pathbreaking spectrum-sharing order. Opening the entire 6 GHz band for low-power, gigabit-fast Wi-Fi in every home, school, and enterprise will accelerate the availability and affordability of next-generation applications and services nationwide. Even the fastest fiber broadband internet service is useless for consumers without the Wi-Fi spectrum needed to connect all of our laptops, tablets, and smartphones.”

“We applaud the FCC and Chairman Pai for the decision to help bring the promise of Wi-Fi 6 and 5G to more Americans. Opening the whole 6 GHz band for unlicensed use both through fixed high-power outdoor use and low-power indoor use will bring faster Wi-Fi to both rural and urban communities struggling to connect, helping to close the widening digital divide that we find ourselves in,” said Public Knowledge Policy Council Bertram Lee.

“The current COVID-19 crisis underscores how important high-capacity Wi-Fi is for everyone. Anyone working from home uses Wi-Fi access points, and mobile carriers are opening their networks as well to help connect more people during this crisis. Now more than ever, faster Wi-Fi is a necessity for more Americans as we try to work, learn, and connect with one another from home. The FCC’s action marks a crucial step forward in making faster Wi-Fi a reality, which could soon help more Americans at a time where connection is essential,” Mr. Lee added.

Brad Gillen, EVP of CTIA, which with others wanted the FCC to consider licensing the top portion of the 6 GHz band, said, “We support the FCC’s efforts to make the lower half of the 6 GHz band available for unlicensed use and will continue to work closely with the commission to ensure rigorous protections for licensed services already existing in the band. While the FCC has done a remarkable job freeing up critical licensed spectrum for 5G, the United States faces a growing mid-band deficit. It is essential that the FCC and the administration develop a roadmap to close this deficit before moving forward with plans to give away the full 1200 MHz in the 6 GHz band and further limit our few remaining options.”

Mark Racek, senior director-regulatory policy at Ericsson, said, “Mid-band spectrum is critical for the U.S. to lead in the development of a robust 5G ecosystem. Other countries are far ahead of the U.S. in identifying and assigning licensed mid-band spectrum. Licensed spectrum in the upper 6 GHz band is necessary to ensure U.S. 5G leadership by facilitating new wireless applications and services beneficial to consumers and businesses. At the same time, Ericsson recognizes the need for a mix of both licensed and unlicensed spectrum and, therefore, urges the FCC to move ahead with opening the lower 6 GHz range for unlicensed use if incumbent users can be assured of protection from interference, and we request the FCC to seek additional comment on licensed use of spectrum in the 6 GHz band.”

“Given its experience, the FCC has presented a plan that will allow wi-fi devices to operate alongside the current users of the spectrum band. This is great news as the FCC is doing what can be done to maximize spectrum given current restraints. Going forward, a plan to include more licensed spectrum must be developed and a continuing focus on mid-band spectrum is a must,” said the Innovation Economy Institute. “The combination of its actions now, and this continued focus on next steps for a mid-band and licensed plan is just what the country needs as the roll out of 5G continues enhancing the US global leadership role in broadband.”

But Sharla Artz, senior vice president-government and external affairs for the Utilities Technology Council, said, “We will be reviewing the draft order when it is available. We have and will continue to provide the FCC with technical detail demonstrating the very real interference potential from unlicensed use across all parts of the band and the need for thoroughly tested automated frequency coordination (AFC) to protect incumbent users. While we appreciate the FCC proposing to require AFC for the standard-power access points, these measures must also be applied to all unlicensed devices in the band to prevent interference to mission-critical utility communications systems.

“We are also concerned that the FCC is planning to allow low-power indoor unlicensed operations across the entire 1200 MHz of the band,” Ms. Artz added. “In addition, we are concerned that the draft would allow unlicensed devices to operate at power levels that would cause unacceptable levels of interference to vital utility communications systems. We have and will continue to engage with the FCC and interested stakeholders to develop technical requirements that adequately protect critical infrastructure incumbents and allow unlicensed operations to use in the band.”

“Public safety relies heavily on the 6 GHz band to support 9-1-1 PSAPs, land mobile radio, dispatch operations and other critical links,” noted Doug Aiken, vice chair of the National Public Safety Telecommunications Council. “The FCC’s plan to open the band to unlicensed sharing has been very contentious, as evidenced by a multitude of filings.  We are especially concerned about unlicensed operations, even indoor, not required to have automatic frequency coordination (AFC). NPSTC therefore looks forward to reviewing the draft Report and Order to assess whether it includes sufficient protection for public safety 6 GHz operations.”

Don Evans, a counsel for the Fixed Wireless Communications Coalition, said that “there are a lot of details that we won’t know until we see the draft Order. I am heartened that the Commission seems to be recognizing the need to protect licensed operations in what we assume are the fixed wireless bands (UNII-5 and 7), but uncontrolled indoor operations in this band will be problematic at the power levels which had been proposed by the RLAN [radio local area network] proponents.” He noted that the FWCC has advocated for AFC use for both indoor and outdoor devices.

Dennis Wharton, EVP-communications of the National Association of Broadcasters, said, “The last few weeks of lifeline coronavirus coverage by local TV stations have made crystal clear the value of the 6 GHz band to broadcasters and the viewers we serve. If broadcasters are to continue providing news coverage that is trusted in a crisis, we need spectrum to provide that service.

“We have previously witnessed the negative impact Wi-Fi operations have caused to spectrum broadcasters use to cover breaking news,” Mr. Wharton added. “Opening the entire 6 GHz band to unlicensed use without strong safeguards risks locking the FCC into a mistake it cannot correct. We look forward to engaging with the FCC to discuss potential solutions, including appropriate power levels, methods for restricting indoor-only operations, and other options to protect broadcaster uses.”

AT&T, Inc., declined to comment today, but the carrier has blasted as “deeply flawed” the argument that the use of AFC is not needed to deploy very low-power and low-power indoor devices. —Paul Kirby, paul.kirby@wolterskluwer.com

FCC FederalNews SpectrumAllocation WirelessDeployment PublicSafety



House Dems Propose Broadband Funds for COVID-19 Phase 4 Package

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D., Calif.), Majority Whip Jim Clyburn (D., S.C.), Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone Jr. (D., N.J.), and Transportation and Infrastructure Committee Chairman Peter DeFazio (D., Ore.) today unveiled their infrastructure priorities for an anticipated Phase 4 coronavirus response legislative package, including $86 billion for broadband infrastructure and $12 billion for next-generation 911 (NG-911).

The infrastructure priorities outlined by the House Democratic leaders mirrors the $760 billion proposal for infrastructure investment that the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, Energy and Commerce Committee, and Ways and Means Committee unveiled in January (TR Daily, Jan. 29), with the addition of $10 billion “for the community health centers that are on the front lines of the fight against coronavirus,” according to a House Democratic fact sheet released today.

The fact sheet positions broadband support within the current public health crisis:  “Telemedicine, teleworking, tele-schooling and the increased use of social media and video conferencing by Americans connecting with loved ones during the epidemic have made access to high-speed broadband more critical than ever.”

The broadband support is intended for investment in “expanding broadband access to unserved and underserved rural, suburban, and urban communities across the country — connecting Americans, creating strong small businesses, more jobs and strengthening economies in communities that have been left behind.”

The NG-911 infrastructure funding is intended to protect “American lives by funding implementation of a Next Generation 9-1-1 system that will allow people to call or send texts, images or videos to 9-1-1 to help first responders and emergency personnel better assess the nature of an emergency and reach people in need.”

A Phase 3 proposal by House Democrats included nearly $4 billion in broadband and hot spot funding provisions, but the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act that President Trump signed into law last Friday only contained $325 million in combined Rural Development and Connected Care pilot program funding for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the FCC to distribute (TR Daily, March 27).

Yesterday on the “Guy Benson Show,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R., Ky.) opposed moving toward a fourth coronavirus legislative practice so soon.  “What I disagree with the speaker on is she’s already saying we need to work on phase four. Well look, the current law has not been in effect for even a week yet.  … I mean the implementation of this —- the Treasury Department’s got a massive, complicated problem here in getting all of this money out rapidly. And the speaker is already talking about phase four. Well, we may need a phase four, but we’re not even fully into phase three yet. This was the third coronavirus bill that we’ve passed, and the biggest one by far. And it was crafted by a Republican majority in the Senate, approved without a single dissenting vote,” he said, according to a press release from his office. —Lynn Stanton, lynn.stanton@wolterskluwer.com

FederalNews Congress BroadbandDeployment PublicSafety Covid19



GWTCA Details Policy Agenda

During its annual meeting today, the Government Wireless Technology & Communications Association (GWTCA) outlined its slate of policy priorities, with many of them focused on trying to ensure the FCC’s efforts to free up additional spectrum for wireless services do not result in harmful interference to existing users.

GWTCA was established in 2016 to focus on advocacy of interest to “public service” and public transit government agencies.

The annual meeting, held as a conference call, was originally scheduled to occur in conjunction with the IWCE convention in Las Vegas. But that event was postponed and is now slated to take place August 24-28.

“It’s not the way any of us had intended to have the meeting,” GWTCA President Andy Maxymillian said during the call.

GWTCA counsel Alan Tilles, chairman of the telecommunications department at Shulman Rogers Gandal Pordy & Ecker P.A., pointed in particular to interference issues that have cropped up for land mobile radio (LMR) services using the T-band as a result of the repacking of broadcast channels in the 600 megahertz band.

LMR services in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Houston, and New York have experienced interference issues, he said.

GWTCA has been trying to work with TV stations, mainly low-power stations, that have been causing interference, with varying degrees of success, Mr. Tilles said.

“Some of the stations have been very cooperative in trying to work with us,” he said. “In other cases, it’s been downright ugly.”

In general, Mr. Tilles said, protecting T-band users has been difficult as FCC Chairman Ajit Pai appears “bound and determined” to focus on freeing up spectrum for unlicensed uses and other services.

Some of those proposals could have a “horrific impact” on T-band users, Mr. Tilles argued.

Mr. Tilles noted that Congress did not include language in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act (HR 748), to rescind a statutory requirement that the FCC auction public safety spectrum in the T-band. That language was in the House version of the bill, but did not make it into the final legislation (TR Daily, March 26).

Under the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, the FCC would have to auction public safety T-band spectrum by 2021 and relocate incumbents by 2023.

Other stand-alone bills to rescind the requirement have been introduced but not advanced.

Sen. Ed Markey (D., Mass.), introduced The Don’t Break Up the T-Band Act (S 2748) in October with Sens. Chuck Schumer (D., N.Y.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D., N.Y.), Elizabeth Warren (D., Mass.), and Bob Casey (D., Pa.) (TR Daily, Oct. 31, 2019). A repeal provision was included in the 5G Spectrum Act of 2019 (S 2881), which was approved by the Senate Commerce Committee in December (TR Daily, Dec. 11, 2019).

The House communications and technology subcommittee approved a similar bill (HR 451), which was introduced in January by Reps. Elliot Engel (D., N.Y.), Lee Zeldin (R., N.Y.), Al Green (D., Texas), and Peter King (R., N.Y.) (TR Daily, March 10).

Among other proceedings GWTCA is focusing on are the FCC’s notice of proposed rulemaking regarding the 5.9 gigahertz band.

Adopted over the objections of the U.S. Department of Transportation and some auto safety interests, the NPRM proposes to make the lower 45 MHz of the band available for unlicensed use and the upper 20 MHz for cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) technology. The NPRM seeks comment on whether to allocate the remaining 10 MHz to C-V2X or dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) technology.

While the FCC has said the frequencies have gone largely unused, Mr. Tilles disputed the notion.

The public safety community “has been making an effort to show that is indeed, not lightly used,” he said.

The annual meeting also included the approval of all of the group’s board members to serve for another year.

Mr. Maxymillian and Mr. Tilles also detailed several formal and informal collaborations that GWTCA is participating in, including with the National Public Safety Telecommunications Council, the Land Mobile Communications Council, the National Association of Tower Erectors, the Radio Club of America, municipal leagues in several states, the TIA Smart Building Initiative, and the Capitol Technology University Education Program.

“I think that everybody realizes that, in this industry, we have a lot of good organizations with a lot of common interests,” Mr. Maxymillian said. —Jeff Williams

FCC FederalNews Congress SpectrumAllocation PublicSafety


CBO: State Cyber Coordinator Bill Would Cost $37M

The Cybersecurity State Coordinator Act (S 3207), which would authorize the Department of Homeland Security to open cybersecurity field offices in each state, would cost $37 million over the 2020-2025 period, according to the Congressional Budget Office.

“CBO expects that the department would need 56 new employees to serve as cybersecurity coordinators at an average compensation of $179,000,” CBO said.

S 3207 was introduced in January by Sen. Gary Peters (D., Mich.), ranking member of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, and Sens. Maggie Hassan (D., N.H.), John Cornyn (R., Texas), and Rob Portman (R., Ohio).  Under the bill, each state would have its own federally funded cybersecurity coordinator, who would be responsible for helping to prevent and respond to cybersecurity threats by working with federal, state, and local governments and schools, hospitals, and other entities.  It cleared the committee last month (TR Daily, March 12).

CBO also scored the Cybersecurity Vulnerability Identification and Notification Act (S 3045), which would give DHS subpoena power to help it warn critical infrastructure operators about cyber vulnerabilities.  That bill, CBO said, could generate revenue because Internet service providers that don’t comply with subpoenas could face fines.  But CBO “expects that few ISPs would be fined for defying subpoenas,” it said.  “Thus, both revenues and direct spending would increase by insignificant amounts over the 2020-2030 period.”

The bill would require DHS to report to Congress annually on its use of its subpoena power, which CBO estimates would cost $500,000.

S 3045, which cleared the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee last month, is designed to help DHS in rare instances when it’s concerned that a private sector entity might be vulnerable to a cyber attack but it’s unable to identify the entity without help from the ISP. —Tom Leithauser, tom.leithauser@wolterskluwer.com

Cybersecurity Congress FederalNews


FirstNet Authority Publishes Harlin R. McEwen PS Broadband Comms Award

The Chief Harlin R. McEwen Public Safety Broadband Communications Award is the First Responder Network Authority’s (FirstNet Authority) sole, prestigious award. Established in 2017, the award recognizes the spirit of service, commitment, and dedication that is a proud tradition among public safety. The award was created in honor of Chief Harlin R. McEwen for his extraordinary expertise, experience, and leadership as the founding Public Safety Advisory Committee (PSAC) Chair.

Visit FirstNet here: https://www.firstnet.gov/about/board/award/McEwen

Parties Debate 911 Fees on VoIP Service

Providers of VoIP (voice over Internet protocol) service are urging the FCC to clarify what services qualify as interconnected VoIP services and to clarify the extent of its preemption of state and local 911 charges for VoIP service that are greater than 911 charges for similar telecom services, and to do so in ways that will ease the onslaught of lawsuits they are facing from local and state agencies arguing that they are underpaying 911 fees.

Parties were responding in WC docket 19-44 to conflicting petitions for declaratory ruling filed in January by BellSouth Telecommunications LLC and several of the Alabama 911 districts asking the Commission to issue a declaratory ruling responding to a primary jurisdiction referral from the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. “The District Court’s referral arises from a dispute between the parties regarding BellSouth’s billing of 911 charges for its business telephone service and the Alabama 911 Districts’ position that such service qualifies as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) or similar service pursuant to Alabama’s 911 statute,” the FCC’s Wireline Competition Bureau had noted in inviting comments (TR Daily, Feb. 26).

NCTA said that it “agrees with BellSouth and urges the Commission to declare that state and local governments are preempted by federal law from collecting 911 charges for VoIP services that, in total, exceed the 911 charges applicable to comparable telecommunications services.” Continue reading

Snapshot: Public Safety Agencies Pilot AI to Aid in First Response

Snapshot: Public Safety Agencies Pilot Artificial Intelligence to Aid in First Response

10/16/2018 09:05 AM EDT

Imagine a first responder answering the call to a natural disaster, a house fire, or an active shooter incident where there may be multiple injuries and unknown casualties. The information the responder needs to fulfill the mission is immeasurable. When you also consider the volume of data they receive from other responders, dispatch, command centers, victims, and onlookers while receiving and relaying information to medical personnel, it becomes clear that responders have to synthesize a large amount of life-saving information in a short amount of time. This can lead to information overload.

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T)’s Next Generation First Responder Apex program (NGFR) partnered with the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to address this capability gap and develop the Assistant for Understanding Data through Reasoning, Extraction, and Synthesis (AUDREY). AUDREY is a state-of-the-art human-like reasoning system designed to assist first responders in synthesizing high-level data while at the scene of an emergency. DHS S&T began the AUDREY software pilot at the Multi Agency Communications Center (MACC) in Grant County, Washington, in the fall of 2017 and will pilot AUDREY at the Hastings-Quinte Paramedic Services in Ontario, Canada in early 2019.

Similar to the voice-activated device on a smartphone or the voice-controlled intelligent personal assistant available to the public, AUDREY is personalized to the individual responder and has the capability to recognize first responder specialized language. However, unlike the artificial general intelligence (AGI) systems available to the general public, AUDREY uses bio-inspired neural symbolic processing for cognitive reasoning. In other words, AUDREY leverages human intelligence and collects data to achieve better machine intelligence and provides insight that first responders may not have in the crucial moments of an emergency.

“AUDREY learns, analyzes, reasons, predicts, collaborates, and provides data fusion to provide direction for first responders on the scene,” said Dr. Edward Chow, manager of the Civil Programs Office at NASA JPL. “In other words, AUDREY has the potential to serve as a sort of guardian angel for first responders while responding to an emergency.”

As demonstrated in Next Generation First Responder video released last spring, AUDREY provides situational awareness during an incident, connecting first responders across different agencies with vital information right at their fingertips.

“AUDREY provides the kind of information at an incident that may not be readily apparent to even the most seasoned first responder,” said S&T’s NGFR Director John Merrill, DHS S&T AUDREY program manager.

“AUDREY’s purpose is to aid responders in taking all of the pertinent data related to an incident and making quicker decisions. In turn, this not only helps first responders save lives, but also keeps them better protected,” Merrill concluded.

At the MACC in Grant County, Washington, Technical Services Manager Dean Hane anticipates AUDREY will aid in caller and data information gathering as well as serve as a tool in synthesizing caller information from text-to-911.

“The major priority for dispatchers across the nation is to get a call out faster and more accurately to our first responders out in the field,” said Hane. “We believe AUDREY will be a tool we’ll use to gather information and data collection processes and to speed up our response.”

With the onset of text-to-911 services available in many dispatch centers across the country, many in the industry believe the future of 911 dispatch will be phone applications developed for the public to report more detailed information from an incident. Currently, the MACC offers the text-to-911 service and anticipates that evolution.

“Certainly, there will be a variety of unanticipated standards and data that will be collected from that kind of technology that we would need a tool like AUDREY to synthesize,” said Hane. “AUDREY will be that peek into the future – and we’re excited that we’ll be at the onset to crack open that door.”

Hane explained that while many are excited about the prospect of AUDREY’s ability to streamline dispatch, some are apprehensive that AGI may eventually take their jobs. However, Hanes assures, “Dispatchers don’t need to worry about AGI taking their jobs.

“Nothing can ever take the place of human intuition. There are instances where a caller may disguise their distress, in the example of domestic abuse. Trained dispatchers are able to distinguish cues that AI cannot,” Merrill stressed.

“AUDREY was created to learn with first responders and supplement their decisions while out in the field. There is no replacement for human intuition,” said Merrill.

Currently, the MACC is in the midst of gathering data to input into the AUDREY platform for their demonstration in the fall.

For Doug Socha, chief paramedic with the Hastings-Quinte Paramedic services, piloting a system like AUDREY seems like the natural next step in next generation first responder technology.

“Our services have been very progressive in advancing technology and trying to support paramedics in providing the best patient outcome possible. We’re always looking to try to advance tools and give paramedics the ability to do their job in those highly critical situations,” said Socha.

Socha was introduced to AUDREY through the established partnership between DHS S&T and Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) during the CAUSE IV interoperability experiment.

“When I first heard about AUDREY’s capabilities to support responders with instant decision-making, I saw an opportunity where this type of AI can benefit paramedics from a health care system point of view,” said Socha. “The ability to have paramedics check on medication or relay information to hospitals that could save them time, can help paramedics focus more on patient care.”

Socha explained that often, paramedics’ ability to treat patients on the spot is limited because they must call and consult physicians before taking the next steps in treatment.

“We lose crucial seconds when we could be saving lives,” said Socha.

Grant County’s Multi Agency Communication Center (MACC) will provide feedback and demo AUDREY’s integration with first responder communications by late fall 2018. The AUDREY pilot with Hastings-Quinte paramedic services will begin in early 2019.

Topics: First Responders, Science and Technology
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, data, First Responder, News, R&D, Science and Technology

Having trouble viewing this message? View it as a webpage.

You are subscribed to updates from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Manage Subscriptions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Help

Connect with DHS:
Facebook  |  Twitter  |  Instagram  |  LinkedIn  |  Flickr  |  YouTube

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

U.S. Department of Homeland Security · www.dhs.gov · 202-282-8000

Attachments area

Preview YouTube video Next Generation First Responder

Next Generation First Responder


Nominations to Fill Open Seat on P25 CAP Advisory Panel

SAFECOM members,

On October 1, 2018, DHS S&T published a 30 Day Federal Register Notice seeking nominations to fill an open seat on the Project 25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP) Advisory Panel (AP). The P25 CAP AP members provide the views of active local, state, tribal, territorial and federal government users of portable, handheld, mobile vehicle-mounted radios and infrastructure, including repeaters, consoles and gateways. The P25 CAP AP provides recommendations to S&T for strategic direction of the P25 CAP, addresses user input to improve the P25 CAP compliance process and provides feedback to P25 standards committees. The notice can be found here: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2018/10/01/2018-21241/office-for-interoperability-and-compatibility-seeks-nominations-for-the-project-25-compliance.

All expressions of interest and nominations should be submitted to P25CAP@hq.dhs.gov. Please note that the 30 day notice will close on October 31, 2018.


Public Safety Advocate Update, September 10, 2018

An online publication of FirstNet.

Blog series: 5 early benefits of FirstNet. Check out our fourth blog in a series of five, entitled “Early Benefits of FirstNet: Support is Available to Public Safety 24/7/365.” The blog series highlights the five early benefits of FirstNet for public safety. Read more

Public Safety First Podcast: Episode 5. In our latest podcast episode, guest host Mike Varney, First Responder Network Authority Northeast Director, chats with Deputy Chief Travis Hollis of the Rogers, AZ, Fire Department about why a city in “Tornado Alley” decided to transition to FirstNet.  As an early adopter, Deputy Chief Hollis talks about how FirstNet is changing the way his agency’s responders communicate and the future of public safety communications, including the Internet of Life-Saving Things (IoLST). Listen to the full episode and share the latest episode on Twitter.

Visit https://www.firstnet.gov/ for these stories and more:  APWA’s Annual Conference Inspires Recognition of Public Works Professionals; FirstNet helps public works agencies coordinate with public safety partners; and FirstNet supports public safety during community celebrations

All Things FirstNet

For the following stories and much more.  Visit http://allthingsfirstnet.com/.

FirstNet Spectrum Added To Over 2,500 Sites
Last month AT&T announced it added FirstNet-dedicated digital spectrum to more than 2,500 sites across the country. By Christopher Vondracek The total number of public safety…

Louisiana Ambulance Company On Board With FirstNet
“We’re waiting for that test event,” said Joey Branton, Director of Technology for Acadian Ambulance, who serves much of Louisiana, a swath of East Texas,…

Florida, Georgia Agencies adopt FirstNet
Two new agencies in the American Southeast have opted in to using FirstNet devices in the last week.  A sheriff’s department in a Georgia county…

DHS Emergency Services Sector Webinar – Register Today

DHS Emergency Services Sector

presents a webinar on the 

DHS National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD)

Office for Bombing Prevention.

In this webinar, the DHS Office of Bombing Prevention (OBP) will give an overview of OBP programs and information sharing efforts that support first responders.

Webinar Date: July 26, 2018, 1-2 pm Eastern

Webinar Registration:


On July 26, the National Information Sharing Consortium will be hosting a webinar with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Emergency Services Sector-Specific Agency (ESS) on the DHS National Programs & Protection Directorate (NPPD) Office of Bombing Prevention (OBP). The webinar will describe the full spectrum of products, services, and offerings from the DHS OBP to include Counter-IED (C-IED) information sharing through the Technical Resource for Incident Prevention (TRIPwire), OBP’s extensive C-IED training and solutions program, as well as OBP’s C-IED Capability Assessment and Planning to include the National Counter-IED Capabilities Analysis Database (NCCAD) and Multi-Jurisdiction IED Security Planning (MJIEDSP) Program.

The DHS ESS webinar is the twelfth webinar in the NISC’s Mission-Focused Job Aids Webinar Series that will review tools, techniques, and standard operating procedures that NISC partners in the homeland security, emergency management, public safety, first responder, and healthcare preparedness communities use to facilitate and manage information sharing. For more information about the webinars series and the NISC, visit the NISC website at www.nisconsortium.org. To become a member of the NISC, click hereto join, membership is free for all users!


Sean McSpaden |Executive Director | National Information Sharing Consortium

David Williamson | Counter-IED Training and Solutions Section Chief |Office for Bombing Prevention |Department of Homeland Security | National Protection & Programs Directorate

Important Links

The NISC’s Mission

We bring together data owners, custodians, and users from all public safety fields and all sectors to leverage efforts to improve information sharing. We aim to help save lives, better protect property, and build a safer, more secure nation.

Senate Committee Advances DHS Undersecretary Nomination

The nomination of Christopher Krebs to become undersecretary–national protection and programs at the Department of Homeland Security was approved late yesterday by the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee.  As senior official in the unit, Mr. Krebs has been performing the duties of the vacant post, which oversees the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD).  He previously was director–cybersecurity policy at Microsoft Corp. and worked at DHS as a policy adviser during the George W. Bush administration. – Courtesy TR Daily

Lawmakers Introduce Non-Emergency Mobile Number Bill

Reps. Susan W. Brooks (R., Ind.) and Anna G. Eshoo (D., Calif.) today introduced the National Non-Emergency Mobile Number Act (HR 5700), which would direct the FCC to take steps to facilitate the creation of a unified wireless short code for critical, but non-emergency, situations on highways.

“This commonsense, bipartisan bill ensures our 911 telecommunicators can focus on responding quickly and efficiently to phone calls reporting time-sensitive and urgent emergency matters,” said Rep. Brooks. “When people are traveling from state to state, the short non-emergency number people call to report an instance deserving of attention but may not classify as an emergency varies across state lines. Designating a code for this specific use promotes a more cohesive and effective public safety response. This bill will make it easier for travelers to contact public safety officials when reporting non-emergency situations and enables our 911 telecommunicators to focus on helping people who are dealing with an emergency.”

“In an interconnected nation, it is essential that we have a streamlined communication system across all states,” said Rep. Eshoo. “The National Non-Emergency Mobile Number Act simplifies travelers’ access to assistance in non-dire times, regardless of what state they’re in and eases unnecessary call traffic to 911. I’m proud to partner with Rep. Brooks on this straightforward legislation that will allow emergency call centers to focus on urgent matters and save the lives of those in danger.”

“Currently, there are at least eighteen different wireless short codes in operation across 29 states throughout the country,” according to a news release on the bill. “Mobile wireless non-emergency numbers primarily used on highways allow individuals, especially the traveling public, to quickly and easily contact public safety officials (typically state highway patrols) in critical times of need that do not exactly rise to the emergency level, such as car malfunctions. These numbers shift unnecessary calls away from 911 systems to help with congestion and allow emergency call centers, or public safety answering points (PSAPs), to focus on more significant matters.” It added that the bill “would help consolidate the multiple numbers existing today, thereby reducing traveler confusion and hastening response times.”

“I applaud Representatives Brooks and Eshoo for introducing the National Non-Emergency Mobile Number Act,” said FCC Commissioner Mike O’Rielly. “This is a commonsense bill that will bring uniformity to wireless short codes used today by states to redirect non-emergency calls on the highway away from 9-1-1 call centers and to state highway patrols. Just as we have one, unified number to call in times of need, it is logical to have one unified short code to call when travelers see car malfunctions or suspected drunk drivers along the highway. This bill is an important first step in eliminating traveler confusion and potentially to saving lives.”- Paul Kirby, paul.kirby@wolterskluwer.com